Austrian Broadcasting System

   Österreichische Rundfunk
   (ÖRF)
   Reconstituted after World War II, the Austrian radio network made political impartiality a central goal. Communists were among its initial editors; one radio program was the Russian Hour. On the other hand, the powers that oversaw the occupation kept their hand in broadcast media operations—the Americans had their own station in Linz and Salzburg, Red-WhiteRed (Rot-Weiß-Rot) the color of the Austrian flag, and the British controlled the transmission station in Graz.
   All of this ended by 1954. The ÖRF, formally established as a nationalized service in 1957, was already in operation by 1955. The first Austrian television program, carried through transmitters in Vienna, Graz, and Linz, went out in August 1955. Daily TV programming was available by 1959; commercial advertising slots were introduced the same year.
   The system often suffered from fiscal shortfalls, and early hopes for nonpartisan operation faded quickly as well. Proporz, the custom of giving parties equal treatment in government jobs, impinged upon all nationalized enterprises, television and radio among them. Public criticism of the quality and political slant of programming became routine after March 1963, when the major parties formally agreed to observe Proporz when distributing positions in Austrian broadcasting. An influential Vienna daily, the Neuer Kurier, began a protest campaign that not only won support from other influential print media, but numerous letters, telegrams, and telephone messages from listeners and viewers. The effort led to the first referendum of the Second Austrian Republic in 1964, asking for reform of the ÖRF. In 2001, the ÖRF laid down rules for private TV channels. It was also transformed into a foundation under the direction of a council, an arrangement that in no way put an end to political wrangling over control of the system. The choice of general director in 2006 was hotly contested between the Socialist Party of Austria and the Austrian People’s Party.
   See also Communications; Press.

Historical dictionary of Austria. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Motion picture rating system — Parental Guidance redirects here. For the Singaporean TV series, see Parental Guidance (TV series). For the Judas Priest song, see Parental Guidance (song). A motion picture rating system is designated to classify films with regard to suitability …   Wikipedia

  • CBS — This article is about the broadcast network. For its parent company, see CBS Corporation. For other uses of CBS, see CBS (disambiguation). CBS Broadcasting Inc. (CBS) Type …   Wikipedia

  • Communications —    Austria’s first telegraph line began operation between Vienna and what was then the suburb of Floridsdorf in 1845. Two years later, the longest transmission line on the continent linked Vienna to Prague and Brno, now in the Czech Republic. The …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Film —    Several experiments with continuously flowing pictures took place in Vienna just before and after 1850. Perhaps most notable was the effort in 1846 of Lieutenant Field Marshall Franz von Uchatius to display moving images on a wall. It was,… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Austria history: Acronyms and Abbreviations — ABGB Allgemeines Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (General Code of Civil Law) BAWAG Bank für Arbeit und Wirtschaft (Bank for Labor and Economic Development) BZÖ Alliance for the Future of Austria (Bund für die Zukunft Österreichs) CP Christlichsoziale… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Culture of Austria — Austrian culture has largely been influenced by its past and present neighbors: Italy, Poland, Germany, Hungary and Bohemia. Contents 1 The arts 1.1 Music 1.1.1 Classical music 1.1.1.1 First Viennese …   Wikipedia

  • Television licence — A television licence (or broadcast receiver licence) is an official licence required in many countries for the reception of television (and sometimes also radio) broadcasts. It is a form of hypothecation tax to fund public broadcasting, thus… …   Wikipedia

  • performing arts — arts or skills that require public performance, as acting, singing, or dancing. [1945 50] * * * ▪ 2009 Introduction Music Classical.       The last vestiges of the Cold War seemed to thaw for a moment on Feb. 26, 2008, when the unfamiliar strains …   Universalium

  • Media and Publishing — ▪ 2007 Introduction The Frankfurt Book Fair enjoyed a record number of exhibitors, and the distribution of free newspapers surged. TV broadcasters experimented with ways of engaging their audience via the Internet; mobile TV grew; magazine… …   Universalium

  • William L. Shirer — William Lawrence Shirer (February 23, 1904 – December 28, 1993) was an American journalist and historian. He became known for his broadcasts on CBS from the German capital of Berlin through the first year of World War II.Shirer first became… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.